by Yukitaka Nishina
The number of Americans who were born in foreign countries has risen in recent decades. It reached 38 million in 2007 or almost 13% of the population. When early 1990s, most immigrants came from Europe, but now most immigrants come from other parts of Europe and especially, Latin America.
Immigrants who rooted from Latin America or Spain are called Hispanics or Latinos. They are from such a counties Spain, Mexico, Puerto Rico, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, or any Central American countries or other Spanish-Speaking culture. In 2008, there were an estimated 47 million Hispanics in the U.S, making up about 15% of the population. Why is that rate increasing? Immigrants come for some reasons, such as to escape poverty or oppression. GDP per capita of the U.S. is about 1.7 times more than Spain, 3 times more than Mexico, as for comparing Honduras, 13 times more. Mexico is ranked 1st as Child poverty country according to UNICEF. (Child poverty is defined as the share of the children living in the households with income below 50% of the national median). By living and earning money in the U.S, they can get a better life for themselves and their children. Most of immigrants come from developing countries.
Immigrants also come from developed countries. I’ve watched a video on the web. A middle age person lived in Spain earn his living by selling pocket tissues for drivers waiting traffic lights. Most of the cars are passing the street, few are stopped by the signal. Most of drivers ignore him, few tender driver listen to his talk and buy the tissues. He was fired a trading company. Spain was the high growing countries in the EU between 1997-2007. Economic growth was 3.7 per year. It causes Spain joined the EU. A Spanish price level was lower than other countries in the EU so that the capital came from England, German and France and so on. Since the effect of the Subprime Lending Crisis in the U.S., the domestic real estate finance didn’t work smoothly in Spain. Spanish economy is going down since 2008. He is a one of the people who is influenced the depression. He can speak English thanks to working for trading company. He wants to go to the U.S. He is a one of the people who want to escape the depression.
There has been some falloff in immigration since 2007, mostly because of the U.S. economic recession, but immigration levels remain high. Hispanics are the largest minority in the U.S., and their numbers are increasing rapidly. By 2050, rate of Hispanics or Latino are expected to make up close to 30% of the population. Is the day that the U.S will be the country of the Hispanic soon?