Globalization and Transnationalism

by Mayu Shibata

As the globalization goes on, we can no longer consider things only at a level of ‘nation’. Now transnational relations and transnational organizations are required more and more. A notion of transnationalism started in 1960s and I think growing corporations were the booster of it. Corporations have been opening its doors to the world like moving its factories overseas and changing its target from domestic market to the world. These corporations are called transnational corporations (TNC) and they have advanced more and more globalization as they grew up. However, transnational corporations generated several new issues related to its globally opened attitude. One of them is the migration problem. Thanks to technology, it’s a lot easier to know things across borders and it’s also easy to get in touch with people in another country. Migrants usually tend to move to where they have ties and there are many ways which they can possibly have ties to other countries through technology like the Internet. I think these ties to other countries are not always official ones like their ancestors come from the country but also newly made up ones in many ways. So there are so many ways and possibilities people have an idea of migration to another country. They can get news of a country which they have ties to through the Internet and TVs in their homeland and they can get enough information about the country to assess if they can be alright over there in migrating.

A popular country for migrants like U.S. has often has big corporations which will offer recruitment for both skilled and non-skilled people in ‘suitable’ positions. The positions they will engage in affect their wages but even for the non-skilled people with lower wages it’s believed to be better than their homeland’s and that’s why most of them move to another country as migrants. For the skilled people corporations will offer them a higher position according to their skills so that there are more job opportunities and dreams for those people and that’s why those people choose to leave their homeland, where they will have no difficulty to find a job, and move to another country.

I think migration always comes with some kind of hardship even though you’re a friendly and flexible person. Only one year of studying abroad is sometimes hard. It’s not easy to live in and adapt to the host country. It doesn’t matter how strong tie you may have to the country as long as you have the background of growing up in your homeland. However, migrants seek various opportunities that they won’t find in their homelands to another country and transnational corporations have a big role as an adopter of migrants. They don’t really care about workers’ nationality in both a good and bad way. Anyway, one thing for sure is that transnational corporations are open to the world and I think it might be interesting to see the migration problem from the view point of transnational corporations as a booster.

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